Hirabai Badodekar

(1905-89)

Indian Music of the 78rpm era

Hirabai Badodekar

(1905-89)

Hirabai Badodekar (Barodekar): A discography

[ Miya malhar – Excerpt)

[Note: Items marked with an asterisk * are reproduced on cassette and CD in the “Golden Milestones” series: CDNF 150556, 1998]

HMV Black Label Records: P series (c.1923-26)
1a P-5687 G-C-13 13416 (BD 232) Pilu jayantarai bhagawant-Dattache pada
1b P-5687 G-C-13 13417 (BD 233) Khamaj dharma sthapaneche nar-Dattache pada

2a P-5688 G-C-13 13418 (BD 234) Durga krupa kari-Dattache pada
2b P-5688 G-C-13 13419 (BD 235) Kafi majha anathasi-Dattache pada

3a P-5689 G-C-13 13420 (BD 236) Jeevanpuri prem bhave na bhave
3b P-5689 G-C-13 13421 (BD 237) Bhairavi aarti avadhuta-Dattachi aarati

4a P-5796 G-C-13-13432 (BD 238) Adana kanan yukti baat mori
4b P-5796 G-C-13-13433 (BD 239) Hindol laljin katdi maiman barjori

5a P-5797 G-C-13 13434 (BD 240) Todi begun gun ga
5b* P-5797 G-C-13 13435 (BD 241) Bageshri aeri main kaise ghar jaun

6a P-5798 G-C-13-13436 Khamaj thumri jao jao tose nahi bolungi
6b P-5798 G-C-13-13437 Bhairavi o yaha kaise naina lagi meri jaan

7a* P-6209 G-C-13 13891 (BD 1017) Durga sakhi mori rumzum
7b P-6209 G-C-13 13892 (BD 1018) Kamod lagire mori

8a P-6213 G-C-13 13893 (BD 1014) Multani aaisi kahan preet lagai
8b P-6213 G-C-13 13894 (BD 1015) Puriya milire aai kavan piya

9a P-6346 G-C-13 13900 (BD 1033) Shankara dev jawali antari
9b P-6346 G-C-13 13901 (BD 1034) Bhoop aaji ugavala

10a P-6347 G-C-13 13902 (BD 1035) Bageshri ata yoga sadha
10b P-6347 G-C-13 13903 (BD 1036) Bihag saguna ramya murti

11a P-6349 G-C-13 13905 (BD 1038) Bhoop brahma nandam
11b P-6349 G-C-13 13904 (BD 1041) Bhimpalas sukh sahita dukh rahita (Aarati)

12a P-8753 tarini nav vasan
12b P-8753 mita bhashini [Marathi drama-Patwardhan]

13a P-8754 G-C-17 13246 (BK 249) Jilha shantvaho manasa
13b P-8754 G-C-17 13247 (BK 250) Durga ananda mani gudha mani [Marathi drama–Patwardhan]

14a P-9698 G-C-17 13817 (BK 256) Bihag balmure more manko
14b P-8254 G-C-17 13818 (BK 257) Bhairavi piya matwale

15a P-9829 G-C-17 13889 (Bx 260) Gazal kis kadar hai gar munala
15b P-9829 G-C-17 13890 (Bx 261) Shankara piharava

16a Bhairavi legayo haar sapnemen
16b Thumri avo gale laga javo

17a P-6211 G-C-13 13895 (BD 1016) Miya Malhar umand ghumand
17b P-6211 G-C-13 13896 (BD 1017) Malkauns mukh mor mor

18a Bhairavi jagadodhara punyamurti
18b Miya Malhar karunalaya dakhavinya

19a Bhairavi jagadodhara punyamurti
19b Pilu madhura basari

——————————————————————————–
Odeon Records: SA / SS and SB series [c.1933-37]

1a SA 3001 S 588 Bageshri trata prabhu sakalancha [From Marathi drama Sadhwi Meerabai]
1b S 589 Bhimpalas sakhe mi murari vani pahila [Comp. Vasant Shantaram Desai. Tune: Sureshbabu Mane]

2a* SA 3009 S 592 Pilu thumri ghiri badari rama
2b S 595 Khamaj bhajan giridhar gopala

3a SA 3021 S 584 Mand hansavi nachavi hridayala
3b S 587 Bhairavi jagi aabhaas ha dawila [From Marathi drama Jagti Jyot]

4a* SA 3027 S 593 Bhairavi sundar swarup jaake
4b S 594 Bhajan chakar rakhoji sanvariya

5a SA 3030 S 580 Kafi kiti sukhakar ha bhaas
5b S 582 Mishra mand bol tujhe goad aasale [From Marathi drama Yugantar]

6a SA 3039 S 583 Bhairavi pada pankajate prabhuchya varoni [From Marathi drama Yugantar]
6b S 586 Tilang kathinata varin kashi [From Marathi drama Jagti Jyot]

7a SA 3042 S 578 Kafi vrujavanicha harilal [Comp. N. S. Phadke]
7b S 585 Jaunpuri katu ya abala nama balwaan [From Marathi drama Jagti Jyot]

8a SA 3045 S 579 Patdeep adhir mana baware
8b S 581 Mand ghei vihangasam bharari [From Marathi drama Yugantar]

9 SA 3047 3048 3049 Sangeet Shambharavi Mulagi

10a SA 3058 S 1133 Bhavgeet labhala mahatma neta [song on Mahatma Gandhi, tune by Govindrao Tembe]
10b S 1134 Jhinjhoti dharila ka ruswa [Comp. V. Shantaram Desai. Tune Hirabai Barodekar]

11a SA 3063 S 1139 Patdeep piya nahi aye [MP3 Excerpt]

11b S 1140 Dipchandi hori khelo mose nanda – hori

12a SA 3065 S 1131 Tilang dhanya dhanya janki tu [Tune: Master Krishnarao]
12b S 1132 Mand hi seva prabhuraj seva [Comp. Vasant Shantaram Desai]

13a SA 3068 S 1618 Durga prabhune vedhila dhenu [Composed by Prof. N. S. Phadke, M. A.]
13b S 1619 Mishra jhinjhoti ramale tuzhya charani [Suvarna Mandir, Comp. M.G. Rangnekar]

14a SA 3070 S 1616 Durga Meera bhajan: payori maine ram ratan
14b S 1621 Bhairavi bhajan: hari nam bina jal jaiyyo

15a SA 3072 S 1620 Mishra Khamaj priya bale zhani dhaav [Suvarna Mandir, Comp. M.G. Rangnekar]
15b S 1622 Abhang patita tu pawana mhanvisi narayana

16a SA 3075 S 2166 Shankara kiti soditi shar [Comp. N. S. Phadke]
16b S 2198 Kafi asachi dhavat yei mohana [Comp. V. Shantaram Desai. Tune: Hirabai Barodekar]

17a SA 3077 S 2199 Kafi hori shyam nahi aaye [Comp. Indrachandra Dadhich]
17b S 2202 Bageshree bar bar kar hari

18a SA 3079 S 2298 Des daya kashi nahi [Comp. V. Shantaram Desai]
18b S 2308 Shudha sarang vimal kavita [Comp. N. S. Phadke] [MP3 Excerpt]

19a SA 3080 S 2168 mannetra guntate lubhdha jhale [Sangeet Saubhadra]
19b S 2201 Khambavati jayati jay mangala [Comp. N. S. Phadke]

20a* SA 3081 S 2299 Gazal yaar akar hua mehman [Comp. The Nizam of Hyderabad)
20b S 2305 Bhairavi lagi mori bindiya

21a SA 3083 S 2377 Bhavgeet shivnerichya shivraya
21b S2378 Bhajan jagati ata toochi sakha

22a SA 3084 S 2380 Mishra mand upawani gaat kokila [Tune Mrs. Hirabai Barodekar]
22b S 2381 Mishra Mand ata ayodhya nagarila [Comp. V. Shantaram Desai]

23a*SA 3086 Des Thumri abke sawan
23b Brindavani Sarang madhusudan mana kare

24a SA 3087 S 2552 Mand bhavasagari aadhar
24b S 2555 Pad geli sukoni phulvel [Comp. M. G. Rangnekar]

25a SA 3088 Bhavgeet gokuli aali sakal
25b Bhavgeet jau khelaya chala

26a A 245002a Ke 39 Bhajan radhe krishna bol
26b A 245002b Ke 43 Sut Sarang jare bhowra door [MP3 Excerpt]

27a A 245003a Ke 41 Mishra Pilu brijalala gade puravi [From Marathi drama Meerabai]
27b A 245003b Ke 44 Arabbi pandu nrupati janak jaya [From Marathi drama Sangeet Saubhadra]

28a A 245053a Ke 42 Pilu kal khara kalikalka jhala
28b A 245053b Ke 45 Bhairavi asara pasara shunna sansar

29a A 245064a Ke 37 Yaman kalyan janmanas mandirat [MP3 Excerpt]

29b A 245064b Ke 38 Bhimpalas ruchirchi ha lyale

30a A 245092 Ke 40 Pilu me adhana na shive bhiti mana
[30b Lavni lutalasi ranga (Bai Sundrabai)]

31a A 245123a Pilu me aghana na shive bhiti mana
31b A 245123b Mand sanshaya ka mani aala [From Marathi drama Sanshay Kallol]

32a Bhavgeet shivnerichya shivraya
32b Bhajan jagati aata tuch sakha yaduraya

33b Bhavgeet jau khelaya chala gokuli
33b Bhavgeet gokuli aali sakal sampada

34a Mand mani lochani
34b Mand Mishra tirtha ko sab kare

————————————————————————————-

[Songs from Hindi Film Pratibha. June 1937]
35a SB 2201 marmuwa kahepe baware
35b yeri aali aavo sajani

36a SB 2202 S 2148 suman he wahile
36b S 2154 aaj sumangal hota

37a* SS 4003 Tilak kamod thumri: bairan thadi
37b Bhoop tata bitata ghana singer

38a SB 2209 Bhairavi savaya hya hrudhaya
38b Patdeep chandraprabha nabhi aaj
—————————————————————————————
Recorded but unpublished [c. late 1937]

39a SB-2386 Goswami Tulsidas [Shruti Natika] – Part 1
39b Goswami Tulsidas [Shruti Natika] – Part 2

40a SB-2387 Goswami Tulsidas [Shruti Natika] – Part 3
40b Goswami Tulsidas [Shruti Natika] – Part 4
——————————————————————————-
The Twin Records

1a FT 2450 BD 1039 Tilak kamod tirathko sab chale
1b BX 257 Bhairavi matwale tore

2a FT 2491 BD 251 tarini nava vasana
2b BX 254 meet bhashini [Marathi drama, Patwardhan]

3a Pilu pushpa parag sugandhit (Saubhadra)
3b Arabi pandu nrupati janak jaya (Saubhadra)
———————————————————————————

Columbia Records [c.1945-55]

1a BEX 268 Tilak kamod bairan thadi
1b Bhoop tata bitata ghana
——————————————————————————–
1a VE 5001 Bageshri trata prabhu sakalancha [From Marathi drama Sadhwi Meerabai]
1b Bhimpalas sakhe mi murari [Also issued on GE 5001]

2a VE 5005 Kafi kiti sukhakar ha bhas
bol tujhe goad aasale
3a VE 5006 Mishra Mand upawani gaat kokila
3b Mishra Mand ata ayodhya nagarila

4a VE 5010 Mand hasavi nachawi hridayala
4b Bhairavi jagi abhas ha dawila

5a VE 5012 Bhairavi pada pankajate
5b Tilang kathinata kashi varin

6a VE 5013 Patdeep adhir mana baware
6b Mand ghei vihagsama bharari [‘Yugantar’]

7a VE 5014 Bhavgeet labhala mahatma neta [song on Mahatma Gandhi, tune: Govindrao Tembe]
7b Jhinjhoti dharila ka ruswa [Comp. V. Shantaram Desai, tune: Hirabai Barodekar]

8a VE 5015 Patdeep piya nahi aye
8b Hori Dipchandi hori khelo mose nand hori

9a VE 5016 Mand hi seva prabhuraj seva
9b Tilang dhanya dhanya janki tu

10a VE 5021 Kerwa mora bansi bajake
10b Bhairavi thumri akeli mat jaiyo

11a VE 5025 CEI 19083 mani anand ha bharala
11b CEI 19084 manaramana sakhaya mohana [Lyric: S. A. Shukla. Music: Panditrao Nagarkar]

12a VE 5027 Ke 39 Bhajan radhe krishna bol mukhase
12b Ke 43 Sarang ja re bhawanra dur

13a VE 5034 S 578 Kafi vrujavanicha harilal [Comp. N. S. Phadke]
13b S 585 Jaunpuri katu ya abala nama balwaan [Jagti Jyot]

14a VE 5038 CEI 19129 dhanya janma jahala [Tune based on Akhataribai’s Balamuvaki Chavani (Bhairavi)]
14b CEI 19130 nayan rokhuni baghata kan [Comp. V. S. Desai]

15a VE 5039 CEI 19126 Todi kankariya ji na maro
15b* CEI 19127 Thumri kahe satavo shyam

16a VE 5046 CEI 19128 rusala kan sakhi nandkumar
16b CEI 19131 karuna kashi ye na [Comp. S. A. Shukla]

17a VE 5056 CEI 18993 nandlala nachre [Comp. G. K. Datar alias Kavi Jhenda]
17b CEI 18994 M. Mand vinavita shabari yaduraya [Comp. Raja Badhe, tune: Sudhir Phadke]

18a VE 5057 CEI 18991 Lalat asthai: sau sau bare balma
18b CEI 18992 Lalat jalad: sau sau bare balma

19a Abhang dalita kandita
19b Abhang ye ga ye ga vithabai

20a vinavu kiti aata mohana
20b mohavi bala manohar ka

21a M.Khamaj bhajan: priya bale jhani
21b Khamaj bhajan: patit tu pavana

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GE Series [c.1950-55]

1a GE 8171 tana mana dhana sab
1b rama nama leta mahatma

2a GE 8220 kiti goda gaun [Tune, V. S. Desai]
2b hasat mukha

3a* GE 8247 Tilak Kamod thumri: akeli dar lagi
3b* Marwa tarana: atatana derena

4a GE 8562 CEI 60127 vaijayanti mala
4b CEI 60128 Patdeep he kona madhuranana [Lyric: V. Desai, Music: S. Parsekar]

5a GE 8709 CEI 60441 Mishra Pahadi hitaguja maniche sangu kunala [Based on Bade Gulam’s ‘Kya karun sajani aye na balam]
5b CEI 60442 nama gheta ramat mama mana [Comp. Vasantrao Desai]

6a GE 8766 Deskar hun to tore karan
6b Thumri kahe piya din rain

7a GE 23222 CEI 61106 madhu madhura
7b CEI 61107 disat na kashi namata [Marathi drama: Vidyahanran, Lyric: Mr. K. P. Khadilkar]

8a GE 23230 CEI 61104 dahati bahu mana
8b CEI 61105 shankahi nahi kali jya [Marathi drama Ekach pyala, Comp. V. C. Gurjar]

9a GE 23299 CEI 61788 vad jaun kunala sharan
9b CEI 61789 vyartha mi janmale thor kuli [From Marathi drama Sangeet Saubhadra]

10a GE 23333 CEI 62143 kiti sangu tula
10b CEI 62144 pushpa parag sugandhit [Marathi drama Saubhadra]

11a GE 40002 CEI 62597 ala jo maja preme varaya
11b CEI 62598 chadhala ravi tapa [Marathi drama Vidyahanran, Lyric: K. P. Khadilkar]
——————————————————————————-
EP records

1a 7 EPE 1205 Shyam kalyan sawanki sanjh [1961]
1b Bhairavi bhajo madhur hari naam

2a* SEDE 3306 Ahir Bhairav rasiya mhara mharoji [1961]
2b Puriya Kalyan ek pal batiya

3a SEDE 3326 Bhimpalas ruchir chi ha lyale
3b Bageshree trata prabhu sakalancha
3c Mishra Pilu brijlala gade
3d Bhairavi asara pasara [From Marathi drama Sadhwi Meerabai]
——————————————————————————-
LP records

1a ECLP 2275 Multani ektaal – kaun des gaye-vilampat [1962]
aisi kahan preet lagai-drut teentaal
1b Yaman sugar bana-vilampat-ektaal
mori gagar na bharan de
2a ECLP 2356 Chandrakauns banake balaiya-vilampat ektaal; kahe ho-drut teen taal[1968]
2b Basant Bahar barjo na mane-vilampat ektaal; naveli kali-drut teentaal

———————————————————————————-

Acknowledgements

The credit for this list goes to the Indian Society of Records Collectors in Mumbai, and its secretary, Suresh Chandvankar.
I am grateful to Kishore and Urmila Bhirdikar for the second photo.

 

 

Records of ‘Gayanheera’ Smt. Hirabai Barodekar

by Suresh Chandvankar

Smt. Hirabai Barodekar (1905-1989) lived a long and successful life and has left behind a large number of gramophone records ranging from the era of ‘acoustic/electrical’ recording technique to the production of microgroove Extended Play (EP), and Long Play (LP) records. Her mother Tarabai Mane (alias Tahirabibi-wife of legendary Ustad Abdul Karim Khan) wanted Hirabai to be a doctor, but young Champutai (Champakali), as Hirabia was known at home, had a natural affinity for music. She used to listen to the ‘talim’ that her father gave to his brother Abdul Rahman, and other disciples, and then practice on her own privately. Abdul Karim Khan noticed her fondness, but was not in favor of teaching music to his daughter.

In 1922, due to domestic reasons, Tahirabibi left Karim Khan’s house with her five children and soon settled in Pune. She had realized her children’s potential for music and was resolved to groom them in this profession. Hence she invited Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan (cousin of Karim Khan) to take charge of their training. She reverted to her maternal name and surname – Tarabai Mane – and changed the names of her children as well – Sureshbabu Mane (Abdul Rahman), Hirabai Barodekar (Champakali alias Champutai), Kamlabai Barodekar (Gulab), Saraswati Mane [Rane] (Sakina, Chotutai) and Krishnarao Mane (Abdul Hamid alias Papa).

The period 1920-30 was the golden age for Marathi musical drama, and also for various music schools in Maharashtra. In line with the Arya Sangeet Vidyalaya founded by Karim Khan, Tarabai founded the Nutan Sangeet Vidyalaya, and Sureshbabu began to teach at the music school, along with others. Hirabai took her early training from Sureshbabu. Later on, the drama wing of the Nutan Vidyalaya staged a number of old Marathi plays such as Sangeet Saubhadra, Manapman, etc. and all the children were active in this new venture. Prof. N. S. Phadke of Pune wrote the play Yugantaar, and Mama Varerkar wrote Jagti Jyot, and these were quite successful. This was the era when leading female roles in Marathi music drama were played by male actors such as Bal Gandharva, Master Dinanath, Bapurao Pendharkar, and others. Hirabai was one of the first to play female roles on the Marathi stage. Several songs from these plays were extremely popular, and the Gramophone Company saw a sales potential from recordings by Hirabai.

Tarabai was very keen in trying every possible medium that was useful in bringing the children to the limelight. Bai Sunderabai (Jadhav) of Poona was very active and she used to sing in concerts, cut gramophone records, play roles in films, and was also a staff artist on the Bombay radio station. She persuaded several senior and much junior musicians and helped them in using the new media. With her initiative, the first gramophone record of Hirabai was cut in February 1923 (P 5687) and contained ragas Pilu and Khamaj. Two more records were cut in the same session and the label reads as Miss Hirabai. During 1923-26, she cut over 20 songs on ten 78-rpm records in black label P series. These recordings used the ‘acoustic’ technique of recording, in which a metal horn is used as a microphone. In all these early recordings, Hirabai sang classical ragas such as Kafi, Durga, Malkauns, Puriya, Kamod, Bageshree, Bhoop, Bihag, Bhimpalas, Bhairvi and Shankara. After her marriage with Mr. Manikchand Gandhi of Solapur in 1924. Subsequent records carried a label indicating the artist’s name as Mrs. Hirabai Barodekar. In 1926, she recorded two songs from the Marathi drama Patwardhan. No further records were issued for next ten years.

Her first public concert was held in 1921 in the annual gathering of the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya in Mumbai under a special invitation from Vishnu Digambar Paluskar. Soon, like her father, she began to give ticketed programs, which were well received. During 1929-33, along with her brother and sisters, she sang and acted in several drama produced by her own company. In 1934, she acted in a talkie Suvarna Mandir produced by Menaka Pictures. Later she also played roles in films such as Pratibha (1937), Sant Janabai (1938), Municipality (1941), and a documentary film called Lalat (1947), which was produced by Nav Jhankar Films, Bombay. Very few songs from these films recorded on gramophone records are available today. Film reels and strips have already disappeared.

In 1935, the German ‘Odeon’ record manufacturing company was active in Bombay and made a large number of recordings in the field of classical music and light music, including Marathi Natya Sangeet. Once again, with the initiative and encouragement of Bai Sundrabai, all the Barodekars and Manes recorded prolifically for the Odeon label. Sundrabai also successfully persuaded Abdul Karim Khan to record for this label. ‘Electrical’ recordings using a carbon microphone were developed at this time, and hence the Odeon recordings are quite clear. Khansaheb gave fine recordings after a gap of about 30 years. Earlier in 1905, he had given over 25 recordings for the Gramophone Company in Bombay. Father and children were meeting only through the music recorded on the ‘Odeon’ label. Hirabai recorded over 60 songs on thirty 10-inch diameter shellac records revolving at 78 rpm, each playing for 3 minutes. Apart from classical music, she recorded Natyageet, Bhavgeet, Thumri, Gazal and even skits and sets from music drama, such as Sangeet Saubhadra, Shambharavi Mulgi, Mangal Devata, and Baivina Buva. Later, in 1942, due to a merger between the Odeon Company and Columbia, several of these songs were reissued on the Columbia label. Some of her famous songs are ‘Nandalala Naachre’, ‘Upavani Gaat kokila’, ‘Brijlala Gade’, ‘Pandu Nrupati’, and ‘Radhe Krishna Bol Mukhase’. These records were very popular and were best sellers in their day.

With the advent of microgroove recording techniques, around 1960, some of her most popular songs were reissued on Extended Play (EP) records. In 1957, a Long Playing (LP) record titled ‘History of Music in Sound – Part 1’ was released in England. It contained one track of Hirabai’s Todi – ‘Kankariya Ji na Maro’ reissued from aan older 78 rpm record. In 1962, she recorded an LP which contained Multani and Yaman. In 1968, she recorded a duet with her sister Saraswati Rane. They sang Chandrakauns and Basant Bahar. Both these records had beautiful photographs on the covers, which are now very rare and have already become Collectors’ Items.

In 1934-37, the Odeon record catalogue printed several photographs and song texts of the recordings of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan and his children. In 1984, an audio-tape containing Marathi songs of Karim Khan [on side A] and Hirabai Barodekar [on side B] was released and the cover carries photographs of father and the daughter. In 1998, several songs of Hirabai were released on audio-tapes and CD in the ‘Classic Gold’ series. Let us hope to have her entire repertoire on MP3 or CD, either from the Gramophone Company, or from music lovers celebrating her centenary.

 

References:

HMV Catalogues [1920-30], Odeon catalogues [1934-37]
HMV Odeon and Columbia discs from the collection of Mr. Prabhakar Datar

Dhanya Janma Jahala – By Rajaram Humne, Shree Vidya Prakashan, Pune (1980)
Gaan Heera – Memoirs of Hirabai (in Marathi) – By Mrs. Shailaja Pandit and Mr. Arun Halbe, (1985)
Sangeet Ratna-The Jewel of music: Khansaheb Abdul Karim Khan: A bio-Discography, Michael Kinnear, Australia (2003)

 

Last updated on 14 March 2012

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